Blood Pressure Monitor Publications

Blood Pressure Monitor Validation Papers

International Protocol : E O' Brien, T Pickering, R Asmar, M Myers, G Parati, J Staessen, T Mengden, Y Imai, B Waeber and P Palatini and with the statistical assistance of Neil Atkins and William Gerin, on behalf of the Working Group on Blood Pressure Monitoring of the European Society of Hypertension, Blood Pressure Monitoring 2002, 7:3-17 

British Hypertension Society Protocol : O'Brien E, Petrie J, Littler W et al. (1993) The British Hypertension Society protocol for the evaluation of blood pressure measuring devices. J Hypertension. 11(suppl 2) : S43-S62


Blood Pressure Monitor Guidelines

Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA):  Report of the Independent Advisory Group on Blood Pressure Monitoring in Clinical Practice, June 2005
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Blood Pressure Measurement Papers

Blood pressure self monitoring: questions and answers from a national conference.
Richard J McManus, Paul Glasziou, Andrew Hayen, Jonathan Mant, Paul Padfield, John Potter, Emma P Bray, David Mant.
BMJ 2008;337:a2732

Blood Pressure Centiles (in Children and Young People) for Great Britain
Jackson LV, Thalange NKS & Cole T
Children Under Pressure: an underestimated burden? (Perspective on the above paper) Stranges S & Cappuccio FP
Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2007; 92;298-303

European Society of Hypertension recommendations for conventional, ambulatory and home blood pressure measurement
E O'Brien, R Asmar, L Beilin, Y Imai, JM Mallion, G Mancia, T Mengden, M Myers, P Padfield, P Palatini, G Parati, T Pickering, J Redon, J Staessen, G Stergiou & P Verdecchia. Journal of Hypertension 2003, Vol 21, 5: 821-848

Golera M, Benedict A, Jones C, Randhawa M, Poston L, Shennan AH.
Inflationary oscillometry provides accurate measurement of blood pressure in pre-eclampsia.
BJOG: International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2002; 109; 1143-1147

Beevers G, Lip GYH, O'Brien E.
ABC of Hypertension Blood Pressure Measurement, Part IV - Automated Sphygmomanometry: self blood pressure measurement.
British Medical Journal 2001;322:1160-70

Beevers G, Lip GYH, O'Brien E.
ABC of Hypertension Blood Pressure Measurement, Part III - Automated Sphygmomanometry: ambulatory blood pressure measurement.
British Medical Journal 2001;322:1110-4

Beevers G, Lip GYH, O'Brien E.
ABC of Hypertension Blood Pressure Measurement, Part II - Conventional Sphygmomanometry: technique of auscultatory blood pressure measurement.
British Medical Journal 2001;322:1043-7  

Beevers G, Lip GYH, O'Brien E.
ABC of Hypertension Blood Pressure Measurement, Part I - Sphygmomanometry: factors common to all techniques.
British Medical Journal 2001;322:981-5  

O'Brien E, Coats A, Owens P, Petrie J, Padfield PL, Littler WA, de Swiet M, Mee F
Use and interpretation of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring: recommendations of the British Hypertension Society
British Medical Journal 2000; 320:1128-34

de Swiet M, Dillon MJ, Littler W, O'Brien E, Padfield PL, Petrie JC .
Measurement of Blood Pressure in Children.
Recommendations of a working party of the British Hypertension Society. British Medical Journal 1989; 299: 497.

British Hypertension Society Recommendations on Blood Pressure Measurement. British Medical Journal, 1986;293:611.

For further information and guidance about ambulatory blood pressure monitoring go to


Mercury Issues

BHS Statement on the use of Mercury Sphygmomanometers in clinical practice

Markandu ND , Whitcher F, Arnold A and Carney C.
The mercury sphygmomanometer should be abandoned before it is proscribed.
Journal of Human Hypertension (2000) 14, 31-36.

O'Brien E.
Replacing the mercury sphygmomanometer - requires clinicians to demand better automated devices.
BMJ 320, 815-816

Langford NJ , Ferner RE.
Toxicity of mercury.
Correspondence: NJ Langford Journal of Human Hypertension, October 1999, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 651-656(6)



Technique of Blood Pressure Measurement - a poster to illustrate recommended techniques. Journal of Hypertension, 1985,3:293.

O'Brien E, Petrie J, Littler W, de Swiet M, Padfield PL, O'Malley K, Jamieson M, Altman D, Bland M, Atkins N.
British Hypertension Society Protocol for the Evaluation of Automated and Semi-automated Blood Pressure Measuring Devices with special reference to Ambulatory Systems.
Journal of Hypertension,1990,8:607-619.